Smoke and heat control
Through the alternative solutions it is possible to simulate the fire with CFD software, as part of the performance approach and Fire Safety Engineering. In fact, it is possible to predict the diffusion of combustion products in the environment under study and verify how the fumes will be expelled from the compartment. The results of the simulations are part of a performance approach devoted to "Performance Based" design and are typically used to verify the adequacy of existing natural or forced smoke and heat evacuation systems. Or they are included in the design and sizing of such systems from scratch.
Typical applications of Fire Safety Engineering in this field are the inspections of fume disposal surfaces in garages, airports, shopping centers, where adequate disposal surfaces are not reached by respecting the compliant or prescriptive solutions.